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Plovdiv
Pazardzhik, Varvara, Batkun Monastery
Stara Zagora, Nova Zagora, Chirpan
Kazanlak
Kalofer, Pavel Banya
Haskovo, Dimitrovgrad, Svilengrad
Karlovo, Banya
Panagyurishte, Strelcha
Koprivshtitsa, Klisura, Peak Bogdan
Sopot  

Kazanlak (63 000 c) is situated on the foot of Stara planina mountain, 200 km from Sofia. The nature in this part of the country combined the beauty and the grandeur of the Balkan mountain, with the fruitfulness of the Valley of Tundja river. The first settlement sprang up in the neolith - VI milleniumm B.C. In IV-III c B.C. here was reigned the kingdom of the Thracian King Seuthus III. When the Koprinka Dam was built the Thracian town Seuthopolis was dug up.

50 crafts are developed around it, the most romantic is the rose prodicing. The oil-bearing rose was transferred from India through Persia, Syria and Turkey. Here it finds optimum conditions - suitable temperature, dampness and soils. In 1820 the first rose-comersial house was found in Kazanlak. From XIX c. Kazanlak is a centre of the Bulgarian rose-producing.

After the Libration here is developed the textile industry, the aircraft and military industry. Today Kazanlak takes an important place in Bulgarian economic. In Kazanlak are developed hydraulics and pneumatics, the arms production, the perfumery, the cosmetics and so on.

Kazanlak is a town with confirm customs in cultur life. In 1836 was built the first community centre. Kazanlak is known like the town of the 100-th painters and scores famous artists. The nature makes wonderful conditions for rest and soprt. A lot of mountain huts are built in Stara planina mountain. In the vicinity is practised wallk and bike-tourism, orientation, alpinism, sport climbing, ski-tourism and so on.

Rose Festival - in honor of the queen of flowers, more than 100 years in the first week of June to hold the Feast of the Rose. The program includes the crowning of Rose Queen, picking rituals, rose and procession through the streets of the city, and International Folklore Festival.

The Valley of Thracian Kings - around Kazanlak many ancient Thracian monuments. Here was located the capital of King Seutus III - Seuthopolis, many tombs - in Kazanlak, Golyama Kosmatka, Svetitsata, Ostrusha, Shushmanets, Griffonite, Helvetia and without analogues in ancient construction practices.

The thracian tomb in Kazanlak was found in 1944. The monument dates back from the IV c. B.C., when the Thracian country with capital Sevtopolis was in its political, cultural and economical surplus. The tomb is the best preserved monument of the Thracianís culture in Bulgaria. It is a typical dome tomb. It is in the South part of the tumulus and it is North to South orientated. It is famous all over the world because of its magnificent frescoes in the hall and the dome, one of the best preserved frescoes from the early Hellenic epoch.

The decoration imitates the front wall of a rich house, faced with marble plates and ends with architectural ornaments. The walls in the corridor start with plinth of red rectangle, placed into two embossed white grids. Over the plinth there is a red painted wall and over it there are two painted friezes. Over the second frieze there are soldiers on foot and on horses who are fighting with their enemies. It is a historical event evolved with the life of the buried Thracian ruler. Under the dome there is a very good decoration of the walls. The plinth here is made of white ornaments, placed between black grids.

Over the walls are painted in color architectural elements, from the Ionian architecture. In the center of the main plinth, opposite the low rectangular entrance are the figures of a man and a woman, seating round a table with fruits on it, round them there are the servants with gifts in their hands. The spouses are holding their hands in so moving manner so that they show the main idea of the absolution of the deceased. The golden spouses are crowned with a laurel wreath. The scene of the funeralís feast with the proceeding is depicted very realistically. The realistic painting in the tomb is a proof for the rich culture life of the Thracians.

Seuthopolis was the capital of the Odrises kingdom and was situated on a small peninsula on the left bank of the Tundja River, 7 km. west of Kazanlak. It was found during the construction of the Koprinka dam lake and nowadays is under it. It is the best examined Thracianís city. It was established in the late IV c. B.C. by the Thracianís ruler Seuthus III and was destroyed from an unfriendly conquers in 275 B.C. It was about 50 decares, naturally defended by water on three of its sides and on the other there were big fortresses.

It was built on Greek city plans with 8 longitudinal and 5 traverse streets which cross in exact perpendicular angles. The gates are on Southeast and Northwest. In the center of the city was the Agora (square) with an altar, devoted to the God Dionis. The city had a sewage and water supply systems. In the Southeast corner of the city was the citadel and the Kingís castle - the private residence of Seuthus III. Here was found a sign with the name of the city. There was also a second temple of the ancient Thracian Gods - the Kabiries.

Except a political and religion center Seuthopolis was also a trade and manufacture and coin minting center. Seuthus III was the first Thracian ruler who had his face on the coins. There were found 850 coins from 7 different denominations. On them the king is shown riding a horse. During the excavations were found a lot of great amount of pottery, coins and amphorae from different Greek cities, which shows how good were the relationships of the city with all parts of the world in that times.

In the mound Golyama Kosmatka, near Shipka is one of the biggest and the richest Thracian tombs. It dates from the V / IV c. B.C. It is considered that first there was built a mound and after that there was built the temple in it which later became a mausoleum of the Thracians leader. The facade of the temple is representative and in the middle was formed an entrance, which goes to the aggregate with soil and stone corridor with 13 m length.

The rectangular first chamber is with two-slope round vault. The second chamber is round, with domeís roof with 4.5 m high. On the entrance was found a marble door, decorated with images of womenís heads, imitation of iron nails and with fictile ornaments. The entrance to the third is partitioned by stone walls. This place is dug into granite block with triangular section. The whole chamber looks like a sarcophagus. Inside is the ritual bed of the Thracian leader. It and the floor were covered with bedding which was weaved with golden thread.

This tomb belonged to the Great Thracian King Seuthus III, evidences for which are golden coins with his image. The symbolic funeral is with rich gifts. There were found 20 golden, 70 bronze and silver objects and one unique work of the ancient art: a bronze head of bearded man with eyes from semi- precious stones. It is with natural sizes and it is broke off from statue, which was ritual decorated with stones.

According to bigger golden objects are a head of deer with an incredible realistic image and the head of goddess, golden head, which the archeologist canít explain. Other incredible valuable finds with high woerth are iron sword in leather scabbard with golden applications, bronze sword, helmet and armour with image of Athina Palada, knee- pieces, iron spire of spears. There were found a lot of bronze and silver vessels, one of them is a silver vessel, which is just like the logo of the ďShellĒ company.

In the mound Svetica was bured one of the greatest Thracian King Tereus. In the middle of V century B.C. The rulerís grave was built from stone slabs with relief, shouldered with red-black. Unique is the missive golden mask with shape of humanís face in natural size and incredible weight - 682.5 gr. 23 carat gold with the face of King. The mask is also a golden cup (fiala).

There were found some incredible painted dishes which were funeral gifts, an unique silver fiala, bronze dish for water, two big amphoras in the sarcophagus. There is an impressive 15 grammas golder ring with image of Olympian. The jewel is perfect stored, which means that the ring was not carried and it was a gift to the eminent leader. Other unique objects are: bronze tops of arrows, iron tops of spears, iron sword, perfect saved bronze armour.

Srednogorovo is small and peaceful village 11 km from Kazanlak. Ecopath connects the village to the nearby lake Koprinka where there are opportunities to fish for pike, carp and others. Is an interesting place Mirchov Kamak, and walk along the Trail of laughter. Opportunities for accommodation are varied in villas, private houses and family hotels. Some of them organize hikes, picnics, visits to cultural attractions and more.

Hotels in the village














 
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