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Very important is the role of monasteries in the Bulgarian history, their importance to the preservation of national consciousness. Bulgaria became a Christian state in the IX century. And it is one of the most powerful countries in Europe. This act made St. Prince Boris without hesitation, even with violence, and sacrificing his eldest son. So obedinenyavat are three tribes: Bulgarians, Slavs and Thracians.

Then, and then were needed Bulgarian monasteries. They have never been deaf a place where you can only hide from the temptations of life and to dedicate religion. There, philosophers and writers create. Behind the walls of the monastery, except religion, creating a culture of a nation, its national identity, which helped to survive through the centuries.

Opponents of Bulgaria are two powerful empires - Byzantine and then Turkey. We can say that in the great monastery was founded Bulgarian history. One hundred and twenty monasteries have been preserved to our days - a reflection of life, culture, architecture, the creative genius of the Bulgarians.



Aladja Monastery
"Aladja" means colourful. The name is because the vivid wall paintings from the early Middle ages. Christianity in the suberbs of Odesos (today Varna) is spread in the second part of I C. and here the first christians made their rituals in peace. The rock monky rooms were settled during IV century. The oldest archeological ruins are from the Early Byzantine Epoch: monets from IV/V C and ceramics. The caves were used for protection at the time of barbarian attacks.
Information about Aladja Monastery
Arapovo monastery
The Arapovo monastery "St Sunday" is located 8 km to the Asenovgrad, is one of the few Bulgarian monasteries built in the field and not in the mountain. According to the legend, water from the monastery’s holy spring cured the beloved one of Arap Bey, a local Turkish ruler. Arap Bey was so grateful that he donated a plot of land and allowed the construction of a monastery around the spring. Firstly, the monastery emerged as a monks’ simple residence close to the holy spring in 1856. The old holy spring can be found behind the monastery’s walls, not far away from the northern entrance.
Information about Arapovo monastery
Arbanasi
The Girl's monastery is one of the several spiritual cloisters around the old capital of Bulgaria. The monastery was built in the time of the Second Bulgarian state. When in 1393 Veliko Tarnovo was conquered by the Turkish, in Arbanasi survived just several houses, one of them was this monastery. In the first centuries of the slavery it was well- off but later it became desolate. In 1680 was built the new church and in 1716 the residential buildings. In 1762 the church and the chapel were decorated with wall-paintings. In the other end of the village there is another monastery - Saint Nicholas.
Information about Monastires in Arbanasi
Bachkovo Monastery
The Monastery of Bachkovo is found in 1083 by the Byzantine military commanders brothers Gregory and Abazy Bakuriany. From these times is kept the two-storey ossuary which was about 300 meters from today’s monastery. There are an unique wall-paintings from XI and XII c. The monastery was patronized by Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Aleksander, there is his image in the arches of the narthex of the ossuary. When Bulgaria was conquered by the Turkish here was begun to sharpen the last Bulgarian Patriarch Evtimi. Later the monastery followed the destiny of the other monasteries and it was rubbed and destroyed.
Information about Bachkovo Monastery
Batkun Monastery
The Batkun Monastery of St. Peter and Paul in the northern slopes of Karkaria ridge of the Rhodopa mountain, 12 km southwest of the Pazardzhik. The monastery was declared a cultural monument, in the vicinity are the ruins of the ancient city Batkunion. Supposedly it is founded in the XII-XIV century, in the XVII century during the forcible conversion to Islam of the Rhodope population is destroyed. It was restored in 1692, in 1774 again was destroyed completely.
Information about Batkun Monastery
Batoshevo Monastery
The Batoshevo monastery is situated some 10 km to the south of Sevlievo, on the bank of the Rositsa river. The monastery was established in the 1250, was destroyed with the fall of the Bulgarian state under Turkish rule. In 1809, a monk Isay, came as a hermit to this place. One day the monk heard the story of a herdswoman who one evening, while seeking for lost cattle, saw a mother and a child sitting over a stone and crying for being left forgotten and homeless. Isay built a small cottage close to the stone and telling the story of the herdswoman to the local people, trying to raise money for a new monastery.
Information about Batoshevo monastery
Cherepish Monastery
The Cherepish monastery "Holy the Assumption" is 30 km from Vratsa, in the unique Iskar’s gorge. Near the Cherepish monastery everyone can go by car from Sofia on the road to Mezdra. It was built in the time of Tsar Ivan Shishman (1371-1391), later it was destroyed by the Turkish. In the end of XVI c it was reconstructed by St. Pimen from Sofia. The monastery became an educated centre.
Information about Cherepish Monastery
Chiprovtsi Monastery
The monastery of Chiprovtsi "St. John of Rila" is near Chiprovtska Ogosta river in the foot of Yazova mountain (a part from the Western Stara planina mountain), northern from the town which is famous with its beautiful carpets - Chiprovtsi. It is from X c and it is one of the 30th monasteries of the First Bulgarian Kingdom, which confirmed in the country the Christian. It was the main shelter and a point of support of the rising of Constantine and Frujin (XV c) and the Chiprovo’s rising (XVII c).
Information about Chiprovtsi Monastery
Chirpan Monastery
The Chirpan Monastery of St. Athanasius is the oldest monastery in the entire European continent. Located about 15 km southeast of Chirpan. The monastery rises the shapely hill, they have found remnants of an old Roman fortress. It is believed that St. Athanasius himself is the monastery founded in 344. At that time, Patriarch of Alexandria Athanasius attended today's Bulgarian lands in connection with the conduct of the Ecumenical Council of Serdica (343-344). According to the biography of the Saint, he stays on the road near Beroe (today Stara Zagora) and founded a monastery.
Information about Chirpan Monastery
Dragalevtzi Monastery
The monastery of Dragalevtzi at the foot of Vitosha in the picturesque beech forest. It was founded around 1345 and was called Royal Monastery, destroyed in the conquest of Sofia by the Turks (1382), restored in the XV c., and became the center of Sofia School of Literature. The monastery was a center of revolutionary activity in Sofia. Assumption church was built before the Turks. In 1932 it is attached to the other church - St. Mine. Both temples are decorated with remarkable frescoes.
Information about Dragalevtzi Monastery
Dryanovo Monastery
The Monastery in Dryanovo “Saint Archangel Michael” is built in the XIV century from the King brothers Asen and Petar in the plase called “The small Saint Archangel”. It is destroyed twice from the turkish people. On its current place is built at the end of XVII century. The renewal of the monastery is at the place of abbot Rafail in the 1830 - 1840. Rooms are built, and in 1845 the new temple. The monastery turns into one of the biggest and well done in the Tarnovo region.
Information about Dryanovo Monastery
Etropole Monastery
The Etropole's Monastery "St Trinity" is situated at the foot of the Black Peak (not to be confused with the more popular Black Peak of the Vitosha mountain), about 5 km east of the town of Etropole. It is built over a lime rock, wherefrom its nickname of ‘Varovitets’ (Lime Monastery) must come. According to the legend, St John of Rila settled in a nearby cave in the area of Varovitets in search of peace and solitude. However, shortly afterwards, the proximity to the town of Etropole convinces him to leave the cave and move to the Rila mountain, far away from laymen’s vanity.
Information about Etropole Monastery
Glojene Monastery
The Monastery in Glojene St. George the Victorious is in an artistic place into a height and from a distance it’s as a castle. It’s created in XIII century by a king George Gloj. According the legend after, the founding of the monastery, the St.George’s miraculous icon vary often disappear and it has found in the hill far away from the village. This is interpreted by the monks as a God sign, that the monastery has to be moved in the hill.
Information about Glojene Monastery
Kalofer Monasteres
The Kalofer nunnery Monastery “The Presentation of Mother God to the Temple” its establishment in the 18th century. The present-day church of white stones was built in 1862, when the number of nuns already reached 90. The Kalofer monks’ Monastery “Nativity of Mother of God” is situated some 7 km away from the town in northern direction. The monastery lies in a picturesque valley on the bank of the Byala Reka river. The monastery was established in 1640.
Information about Kalofer Monasteres
Kapinovo Monastery
The Kapinovo monastery “St Nikola” is built near the Veselina river in the skirts of the beautiful Elena ridge of the Balkan Mountain. The monastery lies 18km to the south of the town of Veliko Tarnovo, it resembles strikingly a medieval fortress. A notice found on the monastery church’s apse, a church, named “Holy Trinity”, was built in this place as early as in the year 1272. According to legends, the monastery was established by Tsar Ivan Assen II. “St Nikola” became an important religious centre. With the fall of Turnovo under Turkish rule, the monastery was set on fire and destroyed.
Information about Kapinovo Monastery
Kilifarevo Monastery
Monastery of Kilifarevo "St Birth of Virgin Mary" lies in the valley of the Belitsa river, about 4 km to the southeast of the town of Kilifarevo (close to Veliko Tarnovo). At the very beginning of its existence, the cloister was situated on the near-by hill, was built between 1348 and 1350. Its founder is the renowned Bulgarian clergyman, Teodosii of Turnovo, who with the help of the then-ruler, Tsar Ivan Alexander, transformed the cloister into one of the most important centres of the Bulgarian education and literature of the Middle Ages.
Information about Kilifarevo Monastery
Klisura Monastery
The Monastery of Klisura is from the Second Bulgarian Kingdom (1240). It endured a lot of attacks and destructions in the times of the Turkish slavery. In 1862 the Holy cloister was destroyed and burned and the monks were killed. The monastery was restored in 1869 and in 1891 the St. Cirill and Methodius Church was sanctified and it was decorated in 1937. The iconostas is in revival style of the Samokov and Debur. The icons in the old temple are from XVIII-XIX c.
Information about Klisura Monastery
Kremikpvtzi Monastery
The Middle Aged monastery of Kremikpvtzi St. George the Victorious is 4 km from the Sofia suburb Kremikovtzi. It was built during the Second Bulgarian kingdom, destroyed by the Turks in 1382, and again restored in 1493. Preserved is the monastery church with frescoes from 1493 rounds. St. George was riding a white horse and crashed a long spear in the dragon. Guardian of the temple is the Archangel Michael. Also interesting are the portraits of Constantine and Helena and donor's portrait. Valuable monument is Kremikovski Gospel by XV vek.
Information about Kremikpvtzi Monastery
Merdanya Monastery
The Merdanya monastery “St Forty Martyrs" is situated in the eastern end of the village of Merdanya on the road of Veliko Turnovo with the town of Elena. Remains of a medieval monastery, believed to date back to the rule of Tsar Ivan Assen II, have been found about 1.5 km away from the present-day monastery in an area called Ushite (the Ears). In the middle of the 19th c. a rich citizen of Elena, Hadzhi Kesarii Horozov, bought out the former estates of the monastery. In 1853, he built a church and residential buildings with his own funds and became father superior of the newly opened monastery.
Information about Merdanya Monastery
Patleina Monastery
Patleina monastery it's a part of the National archeology reserve Veliki Preslav. Here has been the centre of the famous writers from the Preslav’s literature school, as about production of Preslav’s drawing ceramics and glass article. It is think that St. King Boris I is taken back of his throne. It represents a cupola church with towers, riches decoration with drawn ceramics walls. The known picture of St. Theodore Stratilat is from separate ceramic tiles.
Information about Patleina Monastery
Patriarch Monastery
Patriarch Monastery "Holy Trinity" lies about 10 km away from the ancient town and ex-Bulgarian capital, Veliko Tarnovo. The monastery has been built high above the town in an extraordinarily beautiful area, huddling at the foot of a vertical rocky massif. The first sanctuary in the vicinity dates back to 1070. Later on, in 1368 a hermit, Teodosii of Turnovo, moved to a small cave formed in the rocky massif. As other monks started arriving here, the place was gradually transformed into a true community of monks.
Information about Patriarch Monastery
Petropavlovski Monastery
Petropavlovski Monastery ("St St Apostles Peter and Paul"), known also as Lyaskovets monastery, is one of the 14 monasteries built in the neighbourhood of the old capital of Bulgaria, Veliko Tarnovo, during the Second Bulgarian State (12-14th century). The monastery is one of the best preserved monasteries from that time, not least because of its hard-to-reach location. It perches over the high and inaccessible rocks of the Arbanasi plateau, 6 km to the northeast of Veliko Tarnovo.
Information about Petropavlovski Monastery
Plakovo Monastery
The Plakovo monastery "St Prophet Iliya" to be found close to the village of Plakovo, about 18 km to the south of Veliko Tarnovo. Because of the proximity between the Plakovo and the Kapinovo cloisters (the distance between being just 2 km), the two are often nicknamed as twin-monasteries. The monastery was founded during the times of the Second Bulgarian State, and similarly to most other monasteries dating back to this period, it was destroyed with the subjection of Bulgaria under Turkish rule.
Information about Plakovo Monastery
Preobrajenski Monastery
Preobrajenski (The Transfiguration) monastery is built in an extremely picturesque place, about 10 km away from the ancient fortress of veliko Tarnovo. It lies at the foot of vertical rocks on the left bank of the Yantra river. The yard of the monastery offers a marvellous view to the defile of the river and the opposite rocky hill, the foot of which shelters another monastery, the Patriarch’s “Holy Trinity”.
Information about Preobrajenski Monastery
Rila Monastery
The Rila's monastery St. Ivan Rilski is 1147 m above sea level, and it is the most famous one in Bulgaria. It impresses with its size, the beautiful nature, the architecture, the mural paintings and its ancient history. It is rounded by the small mountain rivers Rilska and Drushlyavica. The biggest peak in the Rila - Musala is on 8 hours way. The complex is good develop tourist centre. There is a road to the monastery which is diverted from the road Sofia-Atina. A lot of tourist routes passes this place and even the international road E 4 Iberia-Alpine-Rila-Olimp.
Information about Rila Monastery
Rock Monastery's in Ivanovo
In ŐII-ŐIV c in the valley eremites have colonized. They have readjusted homes in suitable caves. They have been bringing entire monastery complexs. The churches are over 250. The rock monastery “St. Arhangel Mihail” he is one of the biggest religious and literaly centers in Bulgaria in XIII and XIV c. The murals are saved in nowadays. Ivanovo rock churches are included in the list of the earth cultural inheritance of UNESCO.
Information about Rock monastery's in Ivanovo
Rozhen Monastery
Rozhen's monastery is situated 5 km. of Melnik in the lower parts of the Pirin and is one of the largest monasteries in Bulgaria. It offers exceptional views to the peaks of Pirin and Belasitsa mountains, and the "Melove - located around the city pyramidal hills, formed by erosion of the clay soil. It was founded in 1220 by Despot Alexei Slav.
Information about Rozhen Monastery
Saints Constantine and Helena Monastery
Numerous churches and chapels have been erected on the Black Sea coast; some of them still exist, others have been destroyed in the course of the centuries. They were built by church benefactors as a tribute to particular saints. One of these medieval cloisters is St Constantine and Helena Monastery. There is no precise dating of the monastery’s founding. According to one of the accounts it happened at the beginning of XVIII c.
Information about St Constantine and Helena Monastery
Seven Altars Monastery
Nativity of Mary Monastery (Seven Altars) is situated in a very beautiful place over the river, near the village Osenovlag on the road Sofia-Mezdra. It was created during the Second Bulgarian kingdom. Nearby was a Roman fortress, which today is the gate of the monastery. The creation of a monastery and a legend that "Seven Altars" is founded on 7 boyars in the XI century, hence its name. In 1737 Sultan Mahmud "Godless" ordered the destruction of many monasteries and churches, and "Seven Altars" was leveled to the ground. After the Russo-Turkish war in 1769 was reconstructed and returned to life by two brothers monks.
Information about Seven Altars Monastery
Skravena Monastery
The monastery of St. Nicholas in Skravena is located in the southwestern foothills of Lakavishki Ridge, 2 km from Skravena. At the site there was pagan sanctuary, on which at the time of Tsar Peter the Christian church was built. In 1938 a priest from the village of Chelopech is a prophetic dream in St. Nicholas, as he reveals the monastery destroyed by the Turks. Began excavations have discovered foundations of a temple destroyed, a cell with a large fireplace and skeletons of people who participated in the defense of the monastery against the Turks.
Information about Skravena Monastery
Sokolski Monastery
Sokolski Monastery (The Falcon's monastery) "Holy Assumption" is situated 15 km from Gabrovo. In the autumn of 1832 Archimandrite Joseph Sokolski arrived in his native region, accompanied by a priest Agapiy. They choose the stone terrace in front Sokolova cave site of the new monastery and carve the first church in the limestone rock. Dedication was made by Bishop Hilarion of Turnovo on August 15, 1834.
Information about Sokolski Monastery
Sopot Monastery
The Moanstery St. Blessed Virgin (Female convent) is located just 150 meters north of the city center. In XV century there were small chapel which in 1665 was founded a monastery. In 1877 it was destroyed by the Turks, abbess a cruel killed. Survive the church fountain, part of the cells and cranny of Vasil Levski. After liberation, the monastery was restored. A trellis vine in the courtyard is more than 350 years and is considered one of the oldest in Bulgaria.
Information about Sopot Monastery
Troyan Monastery
Troyan's Monastery "St. Assumption" is about 10 km. from Troyan, on Black Osum river and it is 400 m. above sea level and it is the biggest monastery in Stara planina mountain. It is surround from beautiful woods, the complex is very well developed like a tourist object. The monastery’s buildings contends and hotel’s part with well-appointed rooms. There are good places of resort around, where everyone can taste the popular Troyan’s plum-brandy, which is boiled according to the old monastery’s recipes.
Information about Troyan Monastery
Zemen Monastery
Zemen Monastery of St. John the Theologian is the town of Zemen, 15 km. of the international road Sofia - Skopie. Located in beautiful countryside in Konyavska mountain, near the Zemen Gorge. Although it is one of the popular Bulgarian monasteries, the monatery is the largest and is inhabited by monks.
Information about Zemen Monastery
 
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