Pernik (90 000 inhabitants) is 30 km. from Sofia, a regional center. The first settlement of the valley is Neolithic (VI millennium BC.) Strengthening with fortress walls began in the IV century BC. Stronghold was the capital of Agrianes tribe, allies of the Macedonian kings Philip and Alexander the Macedonians. During the IV century was burnt by the Goths.
Pernik became part of Bulgaria during the IX century and became a strategic stronghold. The village was destroyed by an earthquake in XI century. After the liberation of Bulgaria from the Turks, the population was dispersed and numbering 1000 people. In 1891, he opened Pernik coal mining center. In 1929 was declared a city.
From 1995 Pernik is a member of the Foundation of European Carnival Cities. Every even year, in late January as the city hosts an international festival of masquerade games and customs.
The gorge of Erma River is 4 km northeast of the city of Tran. Its close to 10 m. rocky gorge between sheer cliffs 12 meters with a length of 100 meters. Water forms a small waterfall and rapids. The region is drawn Eco-path and rocks are the subject of mountaineering. Erma river rises in Serbia. From the southern end of the gorge began 13 km. Eco-Path. 3 km. by gorge is the Loznitsa village, where begins tourist route to hut Rui - starting point for climbing the mountain Rui (1706 m).
Zemen Monastery of St. John the Theologian is the town of Zemen, 15 km. of the international road Sofia - Skopie. Located in beautiful countryside in Konyavska mountain, near the Zemen Gorge. Although it is one of the popular Bulgarian monasteries, the monatery is the largest and is inhabited by monks.
The monastery consists of two interconnected buildings, a small bell tower and church in the middle of a large courtyard. The temple is from the XI century and is one of the few surviving monuments of medieval Bulgarian architecture. Interest are the altar, the floor of marble and colored stone pieces. Most of the murals are of XIV century, the image of St. Anne is the creation of a temple, a donor's portrait are the oldest then valuable images of Kaloyan and Desislava the walls of the Boyana Church.