The territory of Bulgaria is 110 990 sq km. The country is situated on the Balkan peninsula. It border on:
State system - Parliamentary Republic
- Romania - 609 km
- Serbia - 341 km
- Macedonia - 165 km
- Greece - 493 km
- Turkey - 259 km
- Black sea - 378 km
Head of state - President, who is selected by directly voting. The president's mandate is 5 years
Legislative authority - National Assembly (Unicameral Parliament), which depends 240 deputies with 4-years mandate
Executive authority - Council of Ministers, which is selected by National Assembly with a nomination to Prime Minister whom is assigned to compose a government by the President
Administrative division - 28 Regions
Capital - Sofia (1 170 000)
Largest city's - Plovdiv (340 000), Varna (320 000), Burgas (210 000), Ruse (180 000), Stara Zagora (170 000), Pleven (150 000), Sliven (135 000), Dobrich (100 000)
The population - 7 930 000 people, and the density of population is 74.3 people of sq km. An average life expectancy for men - 68 years, and for women - 75 years.
Abroad live more than 4 000 000 Bulgarians.
The formal language is Bulgarian.
A monetary unit - Lev (Lv)
- Bulgarians - 85,8 %
- Turkish - 9,7 %
- Gipsies - 3, 4%
- Others - 1,1 %
Christians - 87 %
- Orthodoxes - 96,8 %
- Catholics - 0,6 %
- Protestants - 0,2 %
- Uniats - 0,1 %
- Others - 0,3 %
Mussulmans - 12,7 %
- Sunici - 92,9 %
- Szyici - 7,1 %
Relief: The Danube Plain is found in Northern Bulgaria. It's Eastern part of the Ludogorie and the Dobrouja table-land. Stara Planina Mountain (The Balkan) lays across the country - from the west border to the seacoast. The highest peak is Botev (2 376 m). Sredna gora Mountain is found southern and it’s shorter than Stara planina Mountain.
- 1 Lv = 100 stotinki
- 1 Lv = 0,511 €
Between Stara planina and Sredna gora mountains is the Valley of Roses: Karlovo and Kazanlak's hollow. The central parts of southern Bulgaria are occupied by the Upthracian lowland.
Southern and South-western are: the highest mountain at the Balkans - Rila and the highest peak Musala (2 925 m); Pirin with peak Vihren (2 914 m); The Rhodopes with peak Golyam Perelik (2 191 m); Vitosha with peak Cherni Vryh (2 290 m); Osogovo with peak Ruen (2 251 m); Belasica with peak Radomir (2 029 m) and so on.
The Black Sea’s coast is found low with wide stripe sands
Big rivers: Danube (470 êm, border in Romania), Ogosta, Iskar, Vit, Osam, Yantra (feeders in Danube); Kamchiya (feeders in the Black sea), Marica, Mesta, Struma (feeders in Aegean sea)
Climate: Temperate continental. In the southern parts - transition Mediterranean. The middle temperatures for January are from -2 to 2oC in plains to -10oC in mountains. For July are 19-25oC in plains and about 10oC in high parts. An average annual rainfall: 450-600 mm in paints, to 1300 mm in the mountains.
Vegetable life: 30 % of country’s territory is covered by broad - leaved and coniferous woods. More than 1 700 m above sea-level: Mountain meadows and pasture
Economy: Industrial-agrarian country. There are limited reserve of ores and minerals: iron, copper, uranium ores, coals, marble and so on. Leading industrial branch: ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, machine-building, chemical, oil processing, cement, woodworking, textile, shoe industry, wine production, tobacco canning industry and so on.
Agricultural: workable lands cover about 50% of country’s territory. Main crops: wheat, corn, sunflower, tobacco, sugar beet, vines, fruits and vegetables and so on. There are customs in cultivation of oil-bearing rose (rose olive) lavender, peppermint etc. Stock-farming: make a speciality of the cultivation of cattle, pigs, sheep, poultry.
Transport: 37 300 km szos, railway line - 6 500 km (65% electrification). Big Black sea’s harbours: Varna and Burgas. Danube river’s harbours: Ruse, Lom, Vidin, Silistra and so on. International airports: Sofia, Varna, Burgas, Plovdiv.